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What are the different types of braces?

There are many types of braces and brace brands available to straighten your teeth and often it may seem rather intimidating to understand the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Braces can broadly be classified as:

a. Train track / fixed braces

- Labial (stuck on the outer aspect of the teeth) most common type.

- Lingual (stuck onto the inner aspect of the teeth) less common.

Each of these can further be classified as conventional (long-term ortho) or short-term orthodontics.

Conventional orthodontics attempts to get the best result possible by moving the position of the teeth to a better position.

The aim of short-term orthodontics is to straighten the teeth to improve the cosmetic appearance of the teeth.

b. Removable braces:

- those used in adolescents during growth ex. twinblock appliance

- aligner type of braces. One of the more popular options to straighten teeth due to its discrete appearance, superb comfort and low maintenance.

Train-track braces are normally stuck onto the teeth with cement or glue. These remain on the teeth for the whole duration of the treatment. We use different wires to straighten the teeth.

Aligner type of braces use plastic aligners to move the teeth. They may require attachments (cement blocks) on the teeth to enable the tooth to rotate and change position.

Depending on how complex your teeth are and your lifestyle, the type of brace is chosen.

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